Origin: Black pepper is primarily grown in the southern regions of India, including Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu.

Harvest Season: The main harvesting season for black pepper in India typically occurs from December to February.

Qualities & Grades: Black pepper is available in various qualities and grades. Some commonly found grades include:

  1. Grade A: These peppercorns are larger, fully matured, and possess a robust flavor and aroma.
  2. Grade B: These peppercorns are slightly smaller in size but still maintain a good taste and aroma.
  3. Grade C: These peppercorns may be smaller and have some imperfections but are suitable for grinding or culinary use.

Pepper is packed in 50 kg Jute bags in these grades:

  • MG1
  • MUG1
  • PH1

Price Variation: Prices of black pepper can fluctuate based on various factors, but they generally remain relatively stable throughout the year. However, during the festive season from October to December, there may be a slight increase in prices due to higher demand.

Characteristics: Black pepper, known as the “king of spices,” possesses unique characteristics that contribute to its widespread culinary use. Here are the characteristics of black pepper:

  1. Flavor: Black pepper has a pungent, hot, and slightly spicy flavor. It adds a sharp and distinct taste to dishes.
  2. Aroma: Black pepper has a strong, aromatic fragrance with earthy and woody notes. The aroma intensifies when the peppercorns are freshly ground.
  3. Appearance: Black pepper comes in the form of small, round, and wrinkled peppercorns. They have a dark brown to black color, which is a result of the drying process.
  4. Culinary Uses: Black pepper is one of the most widely used spices in the world. It is a staple ingredient in savory dishes, marinades, sauces, and seasoning blends. It enhances the overall taste profile of a dish and is often used as a table condiment.
  5. Heat Level: Black pepper provides a moderate level of spiciness. The heat comes from the compound called piperine present in the peppercorns.
  6. Grades: Black pepper is available in various grades, including whole peppercorns, cracked pepper, and ground pepper. Whole peppercorns retain their flavor and aroma for a longer time compared to pre-ground pepper.

Adulteration: Adulteration of black pepper can occur through the addition of similar-looking seeds or the presence of inferior quality peppercorns. It is recommended to obtain black pepper from reputable suppliers who maintain strict quality control to ensure authenticity and purity.