English Name: Indian Niger Seed
Arabic Name: بذور النيجر الهندي (Bazoor al-Niger al-Hindi)
Chinese Name: 印度尼日尔籽 (Yìndù Nírìěr Zǐ)
Spanish Name: Semilla de Níger de la India
Japanese Name: インドのニジャーシード (Indo no Nijā Shīdo)

Origin: Niger Seed, also known as Ramtil or Guizotia abyssinica, is an oilseed crop native to Ethiopia and parts of Africa. In India, it is cultivated as an oilseed crop for its rich oil content and nutritional benefits.

Growing Areas: Niger Seed is primarily cultivated in the states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Maharashtra in India. These regions provide suitable agro-climatic conditions for the growth and development of Niger Seed crops.

Harvest Season: The harvest season for Indian Niger Seed generally begins in December and extends until February. It is crucial to harvest the seeds when they are fully matured to ensure optimum oil content and quality.


  • Seed Size and Shape: Indian Niger Seeds are small, round seeds with a dark brown to black color. They have a characteristic teardrop shape and are known for their rich oil content.
  • Oil Content: Niger Seeds are known for their high oil content, typically ranging from 30% to 40%. The oil extracted from Niger Seeds is edible and has various culinary and industrial uses.
  • Nutritional Value: Niger Seeds are a good source of essential nutrients such as protein, fiber, minerals (calcium, iron, magnesium), and vitamins (vitamin E and B-complex vitamins). They also contain beneficial fatty acids, including linoleic acid and oleic acid.

Grades and Qualities:

  • Indian Niger Seeds are graded based on factors such as size, color, purity, and oil content. The commonly available grades include Bold Niger Seeds, Medium Niger Seeds, and Small Niger Seeds, each with its own characteristics and uses.


  • Edible Oil: Indian Niger Seeds are primarily used for oil extraction. The oil is commonly used in cooking, frying, and salad dressings. It has a mild flavor and a high smoke point, making it suitable for various culinary applications.
  • Bird Feed: Niger Seeds are also popular as bird feed, especially for small seed-eating birds like finches and canaries. They are rich in nutrients and provide energy for birds.

Adulteration: Adulteration of Niger Seeds can occur with other similar-looking seeds or low-quality seeds. It is important to source Indian Niger Seeds from reputable suppliers who ensure the purity and quality of the product.

Price Trends: Prices of Indian Niger Seeds can be influenced by factors such as demand, supply, market conditions, and oilseed market trends. Stay updated with market information to make informed decisions.