English Name: Fennel Seeds
Arabic Name: بذور الشمر (Bathur Al Shamar)
Chinese Name: 茴香籽 (Huíxiāng Zǐ)
Spanish Name: Semillas de Hinojo
Japanese Name: フェンネルシード (Fenneru Shīdo)

Origin: Fennel seeds are derived from the flowering plant Foeniculum vulgare, which is native to the Mediterranean region and now cultivated worldwide.

Growing Areas: Fennel seeds are grown in various regions across India, including Rajasthan, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, and Punjab. They are also cultivated in countries such as Egypt, China, Turkey, and Iran.

Harvest Season: Fennel seeds are typically harvested when the plant reaches maturity and the flowers have dried up. The harvest season varies depending on the region but is generally in the late summer or early autumn.


  • Flavor: Fennel seeds have a distinct anise-like flavor with a sweet and aromatic taste. They offer a delicate balance of sweetness and herbal notes with a hint of licorice.
  • Aroma: The aroma of fennel seeds is warm, fragrant, and reminiscent of licorice or anise. It has a pleasant and inviting scent.

Grades and Qualities:

  • Fennel seeds are available in different grades based on their size, color, and quality. The most commonly available grades are:
    • Extra Bold (EB): Large-sized, plump seeds with a bold flavor.
    • Bold (B): Medium-sized seeds with a good flavor.
    • Greenish (G): Smaller-sized seeds with a light greenish hue.


  • Culinary Uses: Fennel seeds are widely used as a spice and flavoring agent in various cuisines. They are commonly added to bread, biscuits, desserts, and beverages. Fennel seeds are a key ingredient in spice blends, such as Chinese Five Spice and Indian Panch Phoron. They are also used in pickling, seasoning meats, and enhancing the flavor of soups and stews.
  • Medicinal Properties: Fennel seeds are known for their potential health benefits. They are believed to have digestive properties and are often used as a herbal remedy for indigestion, bloating, and stomach discomfort. Fennel seed tea is also consumed for its calming and soothing effects.

Adulteration: Fennel seeds are occasionally adulterated with other seeds or fillers. Common adulterants include cumin seeds, coriander seeds, and fenugreek seeds. It is advisable to purchase fennel seeds from trusted suppliers to ensure purity and authenticity.

Price Trends: Fennel seed prices can vary depending on factors such as crop yield, demand, and market conditions. Prices may be influenced by seasonal variations and fluctuations in supply. It is advisable to stay updated with market trends to understand price movements.